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December 12, 1958     The Catholic Mirror
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December 12, 1958

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VICARS OF CHRIST ON EARTH -Age of Conceahnent Passes Art by Leo Canavan The lot of Pope Sixtus' successor, Dionysius, was happier, for again an inva- sion of the Roman Empire caused ces- sation of persecution. Emperor Valerian was defeated by the Persians. He was later used as a human step to the saddle by his conqueror and thus he died. Pope Dionysius died 268. Again it seemed as though the clouds of persecution had been permanently rel- egated to the past. Pope Dionysius de- voted full energies to the internal affairs of the Church. The peace continued all through Dionysius' reign, but Popes Felix (274), Eutychian (283), and Caius (296) were martyrs. When a small girl she was out fig-picking in her Sicilian home. A terrific thunder storm descended. She was fright- ened. Suddenly a burning white light seemed to tear the tree in half and she was thrown to the ground Then she found herself be- OF" CALTAGIRONE (D. ,4oo) Lucy of Caltagirone, who in later life wore the gray garb of Franciscan tcrtiaries, found i in her girlbomi how God takes care of the small and the ~eak. When they reached the door her home she realized she had met the old man before. She him who he was. "I am the of God, Nicholas of Myra," plied. "Your parents have a Gallienus became Emperor and happily ing picked up by devotion to me, and I wanted As the age of concealment passed, he changed the harsh laws agamst the a kind old man reward their confidence." Tile t dark caverns of the catacombs ceased to with a long beard, that St. Nicholas (the original Sa ~urlstians. xor lop tnem was Ires change :. " =. ~ "" providethe only chapels for Rome. She clung to him Claus), who had been dead a th the mere Denlgnlty oI a toleran[ minn. .'*" ~ .~. . . ,~-- p. . / b ~ t " " ~ " ma e was "-" - tnurenes were unlit. Ille IL, uurcn emergeo Active restitution xor past aa g s and he comforted sand years, was allowed to rat1 "" ~ " ~ 11 rivile es of citizenshi were as a recognized society with too numerous her. to earth to protect this one li f1~- maoe, iu P~ f,rg L * P - Ib, a membership, so many thought, to in- -" gramea, ann ~.nurcnpropertywas re- . . girl convinced Lucy of the infir stored. .=- =~ '. a rite aggressive restrictions again, worth of the human soul. -- I 'tt !' Ilect ' $1 ] ' ' t ' n "d [Romanian Exiles Pray OLD TE STAMENT STOR~ r k() I l.I I(rl (I -Passage of tt d Se ' wiTH TRADE IN 1 I For Captive Homeland , --- ---- - Native r )pe s Keglon Paris.--Monsignor eorges* ' " " NATIONALLY ADVERTISED ,32.50,Vatican City.--The beatifiea-, The initial stages of Father C ~hn0~creC~ :i:nf ~nheFrR:meama~. " tion cause of a 19th-century]Palazzolos cause were begun in - ' ~ . ]fered Mass m the Notre Dame priest from the area of Ber-f1937 After being set astde for i h 1 h ~ . . . - /Cathedral mark ng t e 0t an- gam0 native regmn of 'John fifteen years the cause was . - I 5 [ t . ' l ntversary of the beglnnmg of ~"~ 2k2kllt) hasopen oruereulntro- taken up Ior conslueratlon, ] . ] ,intensive Red pe~secutmn of the ! uucea. ]agam m 1952 ann has amy n0w]church in Romania The Ca- ! The Pope himself handed the been officially introduced f0r/ " v " m [ . thedral was crowded b~ exiles ] decree of the Sacred Congrega-iaction into the Congregatmn of[livin~ in France ~ tion of Rites to Bishop Giuseppe[Rites. Archbishop Roncalli wasl-- M-onsi~n-or-Cosma recalled the Piazzi of Bergamo. As Arch-lone of the first of several prel-]oneningof the campaign by the ,bishop Angelo Roncalli, Apos-~ates to make a formal request tR~d~ an Doe I 1QtR ta do~frav ' tulle Delegate in Turkey and I for the introduction of the l r-e]i~ion" -St-nee t~hen "~he~sa'i~d" ~ Greece, the Pope had taken aleause, lmore than 50 priest-s'have been personal interest in promoting|-- ~ ttptt in ~ ~ executed, 200 hav~ .4 the cause " " 1 l)^ll-h rath^h- Feel/prs0n, and 100 are now under ~ The beatification candidate is[ iv ~ ~, v ~,~ r arrest. ~.~ Father Luigi Palazzolo, a dioc-] D-,s~ 't~nnPt, k {~nnmtia~t~1] -- ~ v-- esan priest of Bergamo'who/ n~u ~ u,~,n ~lv~ ~ lived from 1827 to 1886 .and] Berlin. -- Red government/ octology meeting f unded the Soc ety of the Ltttle /agencies are placing new Wall Attract 200 Poor Sisters of Bergamo. ]stacles in the path of the Cath- Notre Dame, Ind.--Two hun- P. O. Box 1739, Denver 1, Colo. . ~101ic Church in Poland, accord- / Demands Reds Explain ling to word received in Berlin. .'. I The Communists have banned Bishopts /Vanishing [loudspeakers outside churches without a special permit. These Washington. -- Rep. Thomas: J. Lane (Mass.) asked Secretary of State John Foster Dulles to demand an explanation from the Peiping government on the "s u d d e n disappearance" of i Maryknoll Bishop JamesE. Walsh, 67, in Shanghai. Gets House Arrest? Hung Kong.--Bishop James E. Walsh, M.M is believed to be under house arrest in a Shanghai home. He was forced by Red authorities to move from the Church of Christ the King in Shanghai. Nd letters have been received from him since the middle of October. He has refused several times to leave ~hina. Prowler Nets Priest $7 From Government were widely used since many of the churches in Poland are so small that large numbers of the faithful must stand, outside dur- ing services. The government has also refused to grant per- mits for the building of new churches. ' Raps Commie Attempt To Create 'Free City' Berlin.--The Russian proposal to create a demilitarized "Free City" of Berlin is prompted by the Communists' desire to stop the flood of refugees escaping Red terror via this city, de- clared West Berlin's Mayor Franz Amrehn, a Catholic. He with Lord-Mayor Willy Brandt is executive leader of the city. Pittsburgh.--The Rev. James Amrehn's reaction to the Burke, C.S.Sp of Pittsburgh, "free city" idea was "absolutely received $7 from the govern- negative" because he said that merit in Tanganyika for a leap-the purpose of the Soviets is ard skin. Not having a license evident--"they want Communis to hunt leopards, Father Burke annexation of West Berlin." was forced to surrender the pelt He said that West Berliners after shooting the animal on his trust the U.S. to "defend the mission at Loliondo in the north- security and freedom of Berlin." ern province of Tanganyika. Leopards have been prowling $2t000t000 Program around the mission for some[ time and a trap was set and[ At Ottawa University one of the four-legged prowlerst was caught in it. The $7 bounty] Ottawa, Ont.--A $2,000,000 enabled the priest to pay thelproject is the latest part of a salary of a catechist for onelcontinuing expansion program month, at Ottawa University. Included in the current plan are two fac- Afulty buildings, a biology build- rica Missions Need ing, and a law and social sci- ]p Prices building. Short-Term He ers Enrollment at the university s~ ~r. Pa)rick o'connor, S.S.C. is 2,323 full-tilne and 1,000 part- Washington --- Short-term time students. Father Legare missionary helpers could do a predicts a total of 5,000 students great deal to spread the faith in in 10 years. Africa, according to missioners on the Dark Continent. Archbishop Boland Priests on loan from their home dioceses and qualifed lay Tn Hibernian Post Catholics can serve as teachers Jersey City, N. J.--Archbishop and administrators in mission Thomas A. Boland of Newark schools, thus setting priests (and has succeeded Archbishop Pat- sisters, too) free for work rick A. O'Boyle of Washington, among the people. D: C as national chaplain ~f the Ancient Order of Hiberni- Queen Gives Grand ans. Announcement of Arch- bishop Boland's acceptance of Cross to Cardinal the post was made by Jeremiah The Hague. -- Cardinat Paolo J. O'Callaghan, national presi- Giobbe, who has served since dent of the A.O.H. 1935 as Papal Internuncio to the Netherlands, was personally decorated by Queen Juliana India's Nehru Pra s'es with the country's highest award A~ Missioners ,riot to his departure for ome. og,r , Cardinal Giobbe got the Techny, Ill.--At a congress of Grand Cross of the Order of the doctors and nurses in New Netherlands Lion, a decoration Delhi, Prime Minister Jawahar- rarely given to foreigners. :lal Nehru urged them to prac- I tree the sp~mt of sacrtfme of the Church in PhilippinesCath lie missionaries. He specified as a model those 1 of World's Largest priests who dared to seek out the wild tribes in the forsaken Manila. -- The Redemptorist eastern part of India. He said Fathers' new church, the Philip- that without exaggeration the pme National Shrine of Our achievements of the missionaries Mother of Perpetual Help, is among certain tribes can be one of the 20 largest churches in called the most astounding and the world. It required five years best work that any human being for it to be built, ieould perform. dred teachers and scholars are expected at the 20th annual convention of the American Catholic Sociological Society Dee. 28-30. Nearly 40 papers dealing with such varied sub- jects as school desegregation, Puerto Rico migration, and changes in family structure will be read. Awards for Best Book Treatment Chicago.--One thousand dol- lars in cash awards and the Mc- Geary Foundation Gold Medal wilt be presented for the best treatment of a book or books appearing in a diocesan news- paper in 1959. ~,ll/,ll,// GIFT Gels ShoesGleaming in 60 Seconds Polishes, shines, buffs electrically. No polish-stained hands. Costs Less Than A PENNY A SHINE , Makes shoes look better, last longer. Great for cbi)dren's shoes. Reg. $19.95 Now ~11 '~ Plus S0c postage NCR Distributors P. O. Box 1739, Denver, Colo. Guaranteed by Ronson for a Full Year. God Himself conducted the Israelites in their march out of Egypt, sending before them by day a pillar of cloud, by night a pillar of flame. They at length reached the shores of the Red Sea, where they pitched their tents. Suddenly Pharao repented of having let them go, and he pursued them with chariots and horses and with his whole army ; and he overtook them at nightfall near the Red Sea. When the Israelites saw the Egyptians behind them they were seized with fear, and cried to the Lord for help. Moses, how- ever, calmed and encouraged them, saying: "The Lord will fight for you." At the same time, the pillar of cloud that had gone before them went back and stood behind tbeir camp and the army of the Egyptians. Moreover, the cloud gave light to the Is- raelites, but it made the night darker for the Egyptians, so that they could not see or stir for the rest of the night. Then Moses, commanded by God, stretched his rod over the sea. hnmediately the water divided and stood like a wall on either side leaving a dry road between for the children of Israel to pass over. And the cbildren of Israel went in through the midst of the sea. At the dawn of day, the Egyptians sued them into the midst of the sea. But suddenly a great tempest arose and over" threw their chariots and horsemen. And the Lord said to Moses: "Stretch thy hand over the sea;" and behold the divided waters came together again, swallowing uP Pharao and his whole army so that not even one of the Egyptians escaped. Thus did the Lord by a splendid mira(de deliver the Hebrews that day from the Egyptians. And the people feared the Lord and believed in Him, and in Moses, His servant. The passage of the Red Sea is a figurt of the sacrament of Baptism. There was no other way for the Israelites to escape frown Pharao and enter the land of promise saw through the waters of the Red Sea; so there is no way to escape from the power of the devil and to enter heaven except through the waters of Baptism. In ths death of Pharao and his army we have a~t example of the divine justice. Pharao and bis servants had made a law to drown th~ Hebrew babes in the Nile. In punishmernt for this cruelty he and his army wept swallowed up by the waves of the sea. THE CATECHISM ILLUSTRATED b m The color of the vestments worn at Mass is deterniined in large part by the season of the ecclesiastical year, Thus purple is the color used in the penitential seasons of Advent and Lent; green, symbolic of hope, in the season after Pentecost, FrOnt the pulpit, its the Sunday Gospelt are recounted in the course of the year the principal events in the llfe of Jesus. A person who follows the Mass with a Missal will become familiar, through the liturgy) with the plan of salvation. Q. WHAT IS THE ECCLESIASTICAL YEAR? A. The ecclesiastical year is the cycle at holy seasons anti days ordained by the Chureb beginning with the first Sunday in Advent and closing with the last Sunday after Pentecost. Q. WHAT IS THE OBJECT OF THE ECCLESIASTICAL YEAR? A, Tbe object of the ecclesiastical year is: 1. To bring to our mind, in the course of the year, the principal mysteries of Christianity; 2. To praise God and give Hi~ thanks; 3. To impress more deeply on our minds the mysteries of religion; 4. ToI make us partakers of many graces ; and 5. To to lead holy- life. State Aids Church After 3 Centuries Hondo, Japan.--The Church in this capital city of Amakusa Island, a former stronghold of Christianity, has received aid from civil authorities in the construction of a L o u r d e s grotto. It was the first such co- operation between Church and civil authorities here in more than three centuries. Some 390 years ago, Amakusa Izu-No-Kami, the then pagan ruler of Hondo, requested Cath, olie missionaries to come and teach the Christian religion on his island. A church was built in Hondo in 1951 when the Columban Fathers set up a mission there. Emigrants Spiritual Pro, Rome.--Italian BishopS. asked by Cardinal retary of the gregation, to increase forts to give spiritual tion to Italian migrants to foreign lands. He recommended that 1 religious functions be their departure, that made to recruit missionZ cations for work amon grants, and that ties Italian homes be kept as possible. The Register has just received a copy of the beau- tiful art print of Pope John XXIII. The prints were lithographed from an original portrait of His Holi- ness painted by artist Edward Kudlaty. The art prints are 8V2" by 11" on fine quality 11" by 14" vellum ideal for framing. Order as many as you i|ke by enclosing one dollar for each print with coupon below. Portrait Bureau, The Register Post Office Box 489, Radio City Station New York 19, N. Y. Pleose send me art prints of Pope John XXlll. I enclose $1.00 for each print ordered. NAME STREET CITY / l ibes M v~- P0r Ct